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Scottish Wars

By Mike Haran
Mar. 27, 2012

At the time of the British Glorious Revoltion of 1688 where William and Mary peacefully ascended the English throne unrest was occurring in Scotland. It was superficially a matter of which clan supported which monarch, James Ii or William III, but in reality a power struggle between clans continuing their ancient wars.

A battle against William was fought at Kilicrakie in 1689 where his force was routed, rumours of the victory reaching as far south as London plunging the population into fear for their very lives as they expected at any day to be invaded. The news that the Scottish leader had been killed greatly placated the populance.

The highland army now disolved to a certain extent. Williams forces under the command of a General Thomas Livingstone destroyed a newly arriving Jacobian army at the battle of Dundalk, near Inverness.

In may of 1691the goverment issued an offer of pardon to all who had bourne arms against it, the deadline the first of January 1692.

There ensued a sort of what we would today classify as a "Chicken" contest, those being the last to sign considered as being the least submissive to the new king. There was an unfortunate side effect to this game as the clan McDonnald from Glencoe were unable to arrive on time to sign, the net result being that the commander at Fort William was unable to administer the oath, not being a magistrate.The oath was eventually signed but not within the stipulated time frame.

The oath was eventually signed but not within the specified time frame giving opportunity to the clans enemies to deem the pardon null and void ab initio, unbeknowest to those of Glencoe.

Sir John Dalrymple, the lord of Stair and later prime minister of Scotland, issued an order signed by William for the 'exterpritation' of the 'robbers of Glencoe'.

King William signed the order according to Lord Macualay without having read it, and according to Hugh Trevor Roper having read it but without asking for advice. Redcoats were dispatched to Glencoe under the Command of a Captain Campbell who himself was of the Campbell clan. After recieving the hospitality of those of the village for twelve days they proceeded to slaughter their hosts.

Due to incompetence three quarters escaped, some dying of exposure, the remainder telling their tale. As Jacobian lies and slander were widespread few believed it.

One hundred years or so in the future the decendants of these Gaelic and Saxon warriors would serve in both King Williams and in King Georges armies allying themselves with or against the Indian tribes of North America.

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About the author Mike Haran: Here is the link to my new web site devoid of any connection with the above which I use as a device to publish my war games,link.

Email: manzikertca@yahoo.com


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